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Hackernoon logoHow To Setup Docker Using Ansible on Ubuntu 18.04 [Part 2] by@sudip-sengupta

How To Setup Docker Using Ansible on Ubuntu 18.04 [Part 2]

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@sudip-senguptaSudip Sengupta

Solution Architect | Technical Content Writer

In the last guide, you learned how to set up, install, and configure Ansible on Ubuntu 18.04. Now, you will use the Ansible to install and set Docker on a remote machine. To begin this guide, you need the following:

  • One Ansible Control Node: You need a Ansible installed and configured machine.
  • One or more Ansible Hots: At least one remote host with Ubuntu 18.04 with sudo permissions.

Please make sure that your Ansible control node is able to connect to your Ansible remote machines. To test the connection, you can use 

ansible all -m
 ping command.

Creating Playbook for Operations

You will be using Ansible Playbook to perform a set of actions on your Ansible remote machine which are as following:

  1. Ansible prefers 
    aptitude
     package manager over the default 
    apt
    .
  2. Install the required system packages like 
    python3-pip
    curl
    , and other such packages.
  3. Install Docker GPG APT key to the system and add the official Docker repository to the apt source.
  4. Install Docker on the remote machine.
  5. Install Python Docker module via 
    pip
    .
  6. Pull an image from Docker Registry.

Once you are through with this guide, you will be running a defined number of containers on your remote host. Let’s begin this guide.

Create an Ansible Playbook:

First, you’ve to create a working directory where all your files will reside:

$ mkdir docker_server && cd $_
$ mkdir vars && cd $_ && touch default.yml
$ cd .. && touch main.yml

The directory layout should look like:

docker_server/
|-- main.yml
`-- vars
   `-- default.yml
 
1 directory, 2 files

Let’s see what each of these files are:

  1. docker_server
    : This is the project root directory containing all variable files and main playbook.
  2. vars/default.yml
    : Variable file resides in 
    vars
     directory through which you are going to customize the playbook settings.
  3. main.yml
    : Here, you are going to define the task that is going to execute on the remote server.

vars/default.yml

Now first begin with the playbook’s variable file. Here you are going to customize your Docker setup. Open 

vars/default.yml
 in your editor of choice:

$ cd docke_server && nano vars/default.yml

Copy the below lines and paste it in 

vars/default.yml
:

---
containers: 2
container_name: docker_ubuntu
container_image: ubuntu:18.04
container_command: sleep 1d

A brief explanation of each of these variables:

  • containers
    : You can define n number of containers you want to launch. Just make sure that your remote system has enough juice to run it smoothly.
  • container_name
    : This variable is used to name the running containers.
  • container_image
    : Image that you use when creating containers.
  • container_command
    : Command that is going to run inside the new containers.

main.yml

In this file, you are going to define all tasks, where you are going to define the group of servers that should be targeted with privilege sudo. Here you are also going to load the 

vars/default.yml
 variable file you created previously. Again paste the following lines, make sure that file is in a format that follows the YAML standards.

---
- hosts: all
  become: true
  vars_files:
   - vars/default.yml
 
 tasks:
   - name: Install aptitude using apt
     apt: name=aptitude state=latest update_cache=yes force_apt_get=yes
 
   - name: Install required system packages
     apt: name={{ item }} state=latest update_cache=yes
     loop: [ 'apt-transport-https', 'ca-certificates', 'curl', 'software-properties-common', 'python3-pip', 'virtualenv', 'python3-setuptools']
 
   - name: Add Docker GPG apt Key
     apt_key:
       url: https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg
       state: present
 
   - name: Add Docker Repository
     apt_repository:
       repo: deb https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu bionic stable
       state: present
 
   - name: Update apt and install docker-ce
     apt: update_cache=yes name=docker-ce state=latest
 
   - name: Install Docker Module for Python
     pip:
       name: docker
 
   - name: Pull default Docker image
     docker_image:
       name: "{{ container_image }}"
       source: pull
 
   - name: Create default containers
     docker_container:
       name: "{{ container_name }}{{ item }}"
       image: "{{ container_image }}"
       command: "{{ container_command }}"
       state: present
     with_sequence: count={{ containers }}

Execute The Ansible Playbook:

Now, execute the playbook you created previously. For example, our playbook is on 

remote1
, and you are going to connect it as the 
root
 user, then use the following command:

$ ansible-playbook main.yml -l remote1 -u root

You will see a similar output:

...
TASK [Add Docker GPG apt Key] **************************************************************************************
changed: [remote1]
 
TASK [Add Docker Repository] **************************************************************************************
changed: [remote1]
 
TASK [Update apt and install docker-ce] **************************************************************************************
changed: [remote1]
 
TASK [Install Docker Module for Python] **************************************************************************************
changed: [remote1]
 
TASK [Pull default Docker image] **************************************************************************************
changed: [remote1]
 
TASK [Create default containers] **************************************************************************************
changed: [remote1] => (item=1)
changed: [remote1] => (item=2)
 
PLAY RECAP **************************************************************************************
remote1  : ok=8  changed=7  unreachable=0  failed=0  skipped=0  rescued=0  ignored=0 

Once your playbook is finished running, you can log in to your remote server via SSH and confirm if docker container was created successfully:

$ ssh -i remote1-key.pem -p 4576 [email protected]
$ sudo docker ps -a

Flag 

-i
 to include your private key and 
-p
 to specify the port number SSH is listening.

You should see output similar to the following:

CONTAINER ID   IMAGE     COMMAND      CREATED        STATUS    PORTS  NAMES
t3gejb7o82dy   ubuntu    "sleep 1d"   3 minutes ago  Created          docker_ubuntu1
9df96gced2fg   ubuntu    "sleep 1d"   3 minutes ago  Created          docker_ubuntu2

Conclusion:

In this guide, you used Ansible to automate the process of installing and setting up Docker on a remote server. You can modify the playbook as per your need and workflow; it is also recommended that you do visit Ansible user guide for docker_container module.

About the author - Sudip is a Solution Architect with more than 15 years of working experience, and is the founder of Javelynn. He likes sharing his knowledge by regularly writing for HackernoonDZoneAppfleet and many more. And while he is not doing that, he must be fishing or playing chess.

Previously posted at https://appfleet.com/.

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